It’s barely an exaggeration to say that India’s civilization is one of the oldest in the world. All throughout its history, it has observed the growth and fall of several kings, dynasties, and empires.
Each of those in power, however, left behind their inheritance in the form of a monument, maybe a palace, a fort, or any other historical structure. And thus, we have a list of the topmost historical places in India in this post.
As a result, India today is dotted with different historical places that remind you of its illustrious past and magnificent reign. How well-versed in Indian history are you? Is your knowledge about its history narrowed to textbooks? If yes, then this blog guides you about historical places in India. Read on!
Table of Contents
Red Fort, Delhi
The Red Fort is an ancient fortification across the old Delhi area built by Shah Jahan in the year 1639. Used as the major residence of the emperors of the Mughal dynasty, this imposing piece of architecture derives its name from its impregnable red sandstone walls.
Today, this monument is home to different museums that have a collection of precious artifacts on display. Every year, the Indian Prime Minister unfolds the national flag here on Independence Day.
Best Time: Anytime from October to February, every day from 9:30 am to 4:30 pm.
How to Reach: One can take a cab from Airport to the Red Fort and Delhi Metro is another easy means to reach Fort.
Taj Mahal, Agra
Situated in Agra, this symbol of love Taj Mahal is located at the bank of the river Yamuna. The Taj Mahal is a tusk-white marble mausoleum built constructed in 1632 by Mughal emperor Shah Jahan in memory of his beautiful wife Mumtaz.
The Taj Mahal’s main structure is enclosed by gardens, pools, and fountains. The interior and exterior of the major building are designed with screens, calligraphy, and inlay effort.
Best Time: From March to June and the best days to plan to visit are between Monday to Thursday.
How to Reach:
From Agra Airport or Railway Station or Bus Stand, one can rent a taxi or auto rickshaw to reach the monument.
Qutub Minar, Delhi
Constructed in the era of Qutub-ud-Din Aibak, Qutub Minar isn’t just a noteworthy milestone of Delhi but also addresses the amusing design heritage of India. This 73m high pinnacle is outstanding in size and is pleasing in view, and no wonder one of the most visited historical buildings around India.
The pinnacle was functioned by Aibak after the last Hindu sovereign was crumpled and is figured to be functioned to praise the beginning of the Mughal rule in India.
The fundamental mosque comprises an inward and external patio, which is enhanced with shafts and comprehended by columns. The greater part of these shafts is from the Hindu sanctuaries, which were obliterated to construct the mosque.
Best Time: October to February
How to Reach: One can conveniently arrive at Qutub Minar by auto-rickshaws, cabs, and private cars. The metro station is at a walkable distance from the metro station If you are self-driving, you can arrive at Lodhi Sarai via Sri Arbondo Marg to easily visit Qutub Minar.
Agra Fort, UP
Looking at Agra Fort, you would get the impression that for the Mughals, opulence, and grandeur were apparently alien terms. Situated in Agra, a city involved in the Golden Triangle Tour Circuit India.
The enormous fort was constructed by Akbar in 1565 AD. The fort also comprises two ornately designed gates, the Delhi Gate and Amar Singh Gate. Visitors can only arrive through the Amar Singh Gate.
Best Time: The afternoons of October and April are the best times to visit Agra Fort. The beauty of the Agra Fort is enhanced by the sunset at dusk. You can also enjoy the Light and Sound Show at Agra Fort following the stunning sunset (7.30 to 8.30 p.m.).
How to Reach:
From the Airport, you can rent a taxi or cab to reach this monument.
You can also take a train to the Agra Cantonment which is nearly 5 km from the Agra Fort.
The distance from the Agra Fort to Idgah Bus Stand is only 4 km.
Another artifact of the British Raj in India, the Victoria Memorial is situated in the heart of Kolkata, in West Bengal. This white-marbled opulent structure was constructed in memory of Queen Victoria.
The memorial is enclosed by a lush green and beautifully well-maintained garden, which scatters over 64 acres. A sixteen-foot-tall bronze statue of victory, straddling ball bearings at the high of the memorial, serves to intensify the complete appeal and grandeur of the whole complex. All in all, the place is a must-visit for individuals to wish to relive the core of the Victorian era in the modern-day world.
Best Time: The best time to visit is between October and March when you will easily miss the sweaty, humid, and smothering Bengal summer.
How to Reach:
Local buses and taxis are accessible from different points of the city. One can also access the Metro Rail and get down to Maidan. From Maidan, one can trip on a local bus or rent a taxi.
From Karunamayee stop shared Maruti Omni will be accessible up to Exide Stop.
India Gate, Delhi
Of all the well-known historical places in India, India Gate perchance ranks at the top. An iconic milestone of Delhi, this sandstone-granite arch gate is amongst the major war memorials in all of India and is enclosed by verdant lawns and gardens.
Also better known as the All-India War Memorial, the India Gate is situated along the Rajpath and is often said to be comparable to the Arc de Triomphe in France, the Arch of Constantine in Rome, and the Gateway of India in Mumbai.
Best Time: Spring is the best season to visit from February to April and in autumn from August to November.
How to Reach:
From the Delhi Airport, it is 18 km. You can reach it by taking taxis or buses.
Catching a Delhi Metro may be time-consuming. You can also catch an auto-rickshaw to this monument.
Humayun’s Tomb, Delhi
An attractive synthesis of Indian and Persian architecture, Humayun’s Tomb is one of the most popular and imperative places in India. Humayun’s beautiful wife Hamida Banu Begum commissioned the building of this tomb for her husband during the 15th century.
Arched alcoves, attractive domes, extravagant corridors, and kiosks – all make this monument a magnificence of Indian architecture. There is also a barber’s tomb on the southwestern side of the major tomb. It is one of the most popular tourist places in Delhi that one should definitely visit.
Best Time: To visit this place the best time is from October to March.
How to Reach:
From IGIA Airport or Hazrat Nizamuddin Railway Station, you can hail a cab to reach the tomb.
Dargah Hazrat Nizamuddin bus stand is nearly 800 meters away.
Hawa Mahal, Jaipur
The enormous edifice of Hawa Mahal stands at the juncture of the main road in Jaipur, Badi Chaupad, and was constructed by Maharaja Sawai Pratap Singh in the year 1799.
The foremost reason behind the palace’s construction was to permit the women of the royal house to witness the festivities on the streets whilst being unseen from the outside as was the tailored of the land. It is situated right on the edge of the City Palace Jaipur and spreads right to the ‘zenana’.
Best Time: To visit this place, the duration of October to March is the best one.
How to Reach: Hawa Mahal is situated in the Centre of Jaipur City and can be arrived via bus, auto-rickshaw, taxi, or car from the capital city.
Khajuraho Temples, Madhya Pradesh
This is a city in Madhya Pradesh with the country’s major group of medieval Hindu and Jain temples popular for their stimulating sculptures. This group of temples is considered one of the Seven Wonders of India.
These temples constructed by the Chandelas are a testimony to India’s assortment. Popular for the tortuously carved statues, and sculptures, some of which are fragments of the ancient culture of Kamasutra. The beautiful temples are symbolic of the Hindu ethics of Dharma, Kama, Artha, and Moksha.
Best Time: October to February
How to Reach:
Khajuraho Railway Station is 5 km from the temple.
Khajuraho Airport is a stone’s throw away from the Khajuraho Temple Complex, a measly kilometer run. It functions flights from the capital of India and Varanasi.
Fatehpur Sikri, Uttar Pradesh
It is certainly a monument but Fatehpur Sikri is actually large enough to be considered a small city. Built during Akbar’s reign, Fatehpur Sikri is home to different iconic landmarks such as Birbal’s Palace, Tomb of Salim Chisti, and Jama Masjid. Ladies who are childless come to the tomb of Salim Chisti to attain blessings.
Best Time: Months of October and March is the best time to visit.
How to Reach:
The airport of Agra is not well-connected to other major Indian cities. From the Airport, you can take a taxi to reach Fatehpur Sikri.
From the Fatehpur Sikri railway station, one can rent a taxi to reach it.
By roads, it is well-connected. The state runs different buses from and to Fatehpur Sikri.
Golden Temple, Punjab
The top historical places in India also comprise the world-famous Golden Temple, situated in the city of Amritsar in Punjab. Scattered across two stories, the gurdwara has a unique vaulted architecture, with the dome part of it wholly enclosed in pure gold, while the other half is made out of white marble.
In addition to seeing the foremost attractions, you can also celebrate the daily Langar here, which lures thousands of visitors every day.
Best Time: November to March is the ideal time to visit Golden Temple.
How to Reach: Amritsar is located on the NH1 which clearly states that it is well connected by road. Several buses ply from various cities to Amritsar, Punjab.
Amritsar Railway Station is just 2 km from the Golden Temple.
By air, Sri Guru Ram Das Jee International Airport is the closest to the temple.
It was supposed that Muhammad Quli Qutb Shah constructed the Charminar in 1591 to honor Allah. Each spire of this monument has four stories and every arch has one clock.
There are prevalent stories behind its creation; some individuals say that it was constructed after the city got rid of an overwhelming plague while according to others, it was constructed in the honor of Qutub Shah’s cherished queen.
Best Time: The winter season from the months of October to March is pleasant to explore Hyderabad.
How to Reach:
Charminar Bus Station is only 800 m away from Charminar, you can take a 10-minute walk from there.
Hyderabad Deccan Railway Station is about 4 km from the Charminar.
The closest airport is Rajiv Gandhi International Airport in Shamshabad which takes 45 minutes by cab to reach Charminar.
Elephanta Caves, Mumbai
The Elephanta caves are located on the Elephanta or Gharapuri island, 11 kilometers from Mumbai. Natively better known as Gharapurichi Leni, the Elephanta Caves that prevail today are ruins of what were once sumptuously painted artworks.
It also carries an astounding view of the Mumbai skyline. This assortment of cave temples dates back to the 5th to 7th centuries and most of them are enthusiastic about Lord Shiva.
Best Time: Months from November to February
How to Reach:
For reaching the caves, one should first reach the Gateway of India. Churchgate Railway Station or Chhatrapati Shivaji International Airport can be used to reach there. After reaching there, one has to take a ferry to reach the caves.
Jallianwala Bagh, Punjab
Situated in the heart of Amritsar, a minor walk from the Golden Temple leads to the public garden of Jallianwala Bagh.
Visitors can attend the light and sound show to experience the catastrophe as it unfolded on April 13, 1919, when the then-British Officer, General Dyer ordered his herds to fire machine guns on a vulnerable peaceful crowd.
Best Time: The best time to visit Amritsar is between November and March when the weather is moderately pleasant and perfect for sightseeing and visiting the Jallianwala Bagh.
How to Reach: From Sri Guru Ram Das Jee International Airport or Amritsar Railway Station, one can take a cab or bus to arrive at the Jallianwala Bagh.
Sanchi Stupa, Madhya Pradesh
Amongst the topmost historical places in India, the Sanchi Stupa dates back to the 3rd century and is said to be one of the oldest monuments in the country. Built in the Buddhist style of architecture, the Sanchi Stupa is also an imperative Buddhist pilgrimage site.
The stupa is situated in the town of Sanchi, in Madhya Pradesh, and is an artifact of the town’s rich architectural and cultural magnificence.
Best Time: Months of October to March are the best time to visit as the weather is good during the winter season to explore places.
How to Reach:
Sanchi Railway Station is just 1.5 km away from the places, you can take the bus, an auto rickshaw, or walk to Sanchi Stupa.
Raja Bhoj Airport in Gandhi Nagar is the closest airport, you can take taxis or buses from here.
Madhya Pradesh has well-connected roads, so from Bhopal Bus stand one can reach to Sanchi in approximately an hour.
Feel the greatness, exquisite architectural beauty and historical culture, and diversity of this magnificent country, yourself!
Get lost in the ancient world of historic monuments, and massive sculptures and uncover some amazing hidden wonders as you explore the dynamic Indian heritage on your next holiday in India. So, head out to these historical monuments in India with your friends or family. Enjoy your getaway!
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